Different Types of Marine Navigation and Monitoring

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With the introduction of electronics and technology, navigation on waters has become much simpler and easier. There are many advanced navigation equipment which are used today, and they provide accurate data for your navigation. The following are some of the types of marine navigation and monitoring systems:


A gyrocompass lets you find the right direction, and it points to the exact north. A gyrocompass is not affected by any external magnetic field, and thus the repeat system is easier to find.


Radars are used to identify other moving ships in the water body and to determine the distance from the boat to the land. It is also used to identify any other floating objects in the water which may cause harm to the navigation of your boat.

Auto Pilot:

AutoPilot is used for controlling the ship from another location. Autopilot is a combination of the mechanical, electrical and hydraulic system.


ARPAs are automatic radars and it lets you know the position of the other ships that are near you. These automatic radars are designed in such a way that it will find the position of the ships near you and suggest a suitable navigation course so that there will not be any kind of collision.

Tracking id:

Tracking ids are similar to Automatic radars, and they let you know the position of the objects that are near you, and it allows you to plan for a safer and collision-free navigation.

Log device:

The log device allows you to determine the speed and the distance traveled by the boat from point A to point B. By using the log device, the ETA for the journey is calculated, and this information is given to the port agents and other authorities.

Echo Sounder:

Echo Sounder allows you to measure the depth of the water by sending out sound waves.


Electronic charts are used to find the route for your navigation. The crew will be able to pinpoint various locations in the charts, and you can get directions in a much easier way.

Identification systems:

An automatic identification system tells you where your ship is located currently. It also tells you the location of other ships near you. The automatic identification systems are also used to receive and send messages between ships.

Angle Indicator:

As the name suggests, the angle indicator indicted the angle of the rudder.

Data Recorder:

The data recorder records all the vital information that related to the navigation and the operation of the boat. The data recorder also has a voice recording system, and these are the ones which are used for investigation when a vessel meets with an accident.

Navigation lights:

All vessels need navigation lights especially if it is navigating during the night times.

Pilot card:

The pilot card is a small booklet which is given to the pilot, and the book consists of various dimensions, turning circles, propulsion equipment instructions etc.